Research Methods in Education

By Louis Cohen; Lawrence Manion et al. | Go to book overview

Contents
List of boxesxi
Acknowledgementsxiii
Introductionxv
Part 1The context of educational research
1The nature of inquiry
Introduction 3
The search for truth 3
Two conceptions of social reality 5
Positivism 8
The assumptions and nature of science 10
The tools of science 13
The scientific method 15
Criticisms of positivism and the scientific method 17
Alternatives to positivistic social science: naturalistic approaches 19
A question of terminology: the normative and interpretive paradigms 22
Phenomenology, ethnomethodology and symbolic interactionism 23
Criticisms of the naturalistic and interpretive approaches 26
Critical theory and critical educational research 27
Criticisms of approaches from critical theory 31
Critical theory and curriculum research 32
A summary of the three paradigms 34
Feminist research 34
Research and evaluation 38
Research, politics and policy-making 43
Methods and methodology 44
Part 2Planning educational research
2The ethics of educational and social research
Introduction 49
Informed consent 50
Access and acceptance 53
Ethics of social research 56
Sources of tension 58
Voices of experience 59
Ethical dilemmas 60
Ethics and research methods in education 66
Ethics and teacher evaluation 67
Research and regulation 69
Conclusion 71
3Research design issues: planning research
Introduction 73
A framework for planning research 73
A planning matrix for research 80
Managing the planning of research 88
Conclusion 90
4Sampling
Introduction 92
The sample size 93
Sampling error 96
The representativeness of the sample 98
The access to the sample 98
The sampling strategy to be used 99
Conclusion 104

-vii-

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Research Methods in Education
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Boxes xi
  • Acknowledgements xiii
  • Introduction xv
  • Part One - The Context of Educational Research 1
  • 1 - The Nature of Inquiry 3
  • Part Two - Planning Educational Research 47
  • 2 - The Ethics of Educational and Social Research 49
  • 3 - Research Design Issues- Planning Research 73
  • 4 - Sampling 92
  • 5 - Validity and Reliability 105
  • Part Three - Styles of Educational Research 135
  • 6 - Naturalistic and Ethnographic Research 137
  • 7 - Historical Research 158
  • 8 - Surveys, Longitudinal, Cross-Sectional and Trend Studies 169
  • 9 - Case Studies 181
  • 10 - Correlational Research 191
  • 11 - Ex Post Facto Research 205
  • 12 - Experiments, Quasi-Experiments and Single-Case Research 211
  • 13 - Action Research 226
  • Part Four - Strategies for Data Collection and Researching 243
  • 14 - Questionnaires 245
  • 15 - Interviews 267
  • 16 - Accounts 293
  • 17 - Observation 305
  • 18 - Tests 317
  • 19 - Personal Constructs 337
  • 20 - Multi-Dimensional Measurement 349
  • 21 - Role-Playing 370
  • Part Five - Recent Developments in Educational Research 381
  • 22 - Recent Developments 383
  • Notes 396
  • Bibliography 407
  • Index 438
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