1. Twenty men have served as Secretary of Defense since the National Security Act
of 1947 established the senior politically appointed position in the Department of
Defense (DoD). During the 52-year period since that time, the number of
positions for presidential appointees with Senate confirmation (PASs) in the DoD
has increased from 12 in 1947 to 45 as of May 1999. These Senate-confirmed
officials are augmented by another group of political appointees who are
noncareer members of the Senior Executive Service (SES). In FY 1998, PAS and
noncareer SES appointees comprised only 0.004 and 0.01 percent, respectively, of
the DoD's civilian workforce. Even though these political appointees make up a
small percentage of the total DoD civilian workforce, they play key leadership
roles in the department.In late 1998, the Defense Science Board established the Task Force on Human
Resources Strategy. The task force was established to review trends and
opportunities to improve DoD's capacity “to attract and retain civilian and
military personnel with the necessary motivation and intellectual capabilities” to
serve and lead within the Department. During its early meetings, panel
members raised the following questions about political appointee positions,
about the appointees, and about the appointment process:
|• ||What are the changes in positions over time by number, level, and function?|
|• ||What is the tenure of those who served in the most senior positions? How
does this compare to other departments?|
|• ||Have these positions been more difficult to fill and keep filled in recent
|• ||How are people selected for these positions? Are there obstacles or
deterrents to service?|
The material presented in this report was prepared to assist the task force in
answering these questions. The material consists of (1) data on PAS and
noncareer SES; and (2) a review of the literature on the appointment process.____________________
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Department of Defense Political Appointments:Positions and Process.
Contributors: Cheryl Y. Marcum - Author, Lauren R. Sager Weinstein - Author, Susan D. Hosek - Author, Harry J. Thie - Author.
Place of publication: Santa Monica, CA.
Publication year: 2001.
Page number: 1.
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not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.