International Law and Ocean Use Management

By Lawrence Juda | Go to book overview
Save to active project



With the outbreak of World War II in Europe in 1939 and the later entrance of the United States into the war, the pattern of ocean uses changed significantly. Military actions on the seas and logistical support services involving the merchant marine of a number of states dominated traditional activities. The draft by the military of men with experience at sea and interference with fishery activities, either directly by closing off access to resources or indirectly by rationing fuel, impacted operations and were reflected in a decline of catch of both fish and whales. 1 Indeed, from the perspective of marine living resources, the war served as a significant respite from the ever-increasing harvesting effort of past decades. 2

Yet the war was to have profound effect on future ocean uses. For example, technological advances used to make oceans more transparent for purposes of antisubmarine warfare would be modified and utilized in the search for fish. 3 Further, the war highlighted the importance of oil in the modern world and the need for increased supplies of that commodity; as will be seen, knowledge of offshore oil deposits had been growing in the period preceding the war and, as technology developed, offshore oil exploitation was to become a reality. Demands for ocean resources were to grow with a vengeance.


As seen in previous chapters, consideration of the continental shelf in regard to international ocean law was linked to questions of fisheries. Legal interest in the continental shelf was to broaden as petroleum products became the fuel and lubricant of choice and the search for petroleum extended across the face of the globe. If oil pools were found in continental areas why should such pools be limited in their distribution to areas presently above sea level? 4 As the subsea extensions of continents, the shelf areas came to be seen as potentially significant sources of oil. The term “continental shelf” was soon to take on a legal meaning which, though somewhat ambiguous and subject to varying interpretations, was quite distinct from that applied to it by geologists, oceanographers, and other physical scientists. 5


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
International Law and Ocean Use Management


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 346

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?