Economic Crisis in Africa: Perspectives on Policy Responses

By Magnus Blomström; Mats Lundahl | Go to book overview

15

ETHIOPIA: AWAY FROM SOCIALISM

Göte Hansson*


INTRODUCTION

After seventeen years of military rule, Marxist-Leninist socialism, growing economic problems, and escalating civil war, the Ethiopian president, Mengistu Haile Mariam, fled the country on 21 May 1991. One week later, on 28 May, after unsuccessful peace negotiations in London, The Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front, (EPRDF), took power by walking into a largely undefended Addis Ababa. In the first week of July the new leaders called for a National Conference on Peace and Democracy where the institutional frame for the immediate future of Ethiopia was discussed with representatives from the various liberation movements. It was decided that the United Nations Universal Declaration on Human Rights should be applied in Ethiopia. Furthermore, it was decided that a transitional government, consisting of a council of representatives and a council of ministers, should rule the country for the two coming years of transition. This transitional period is to be terminated when there has been a democratic election of a new parliament and a resulting new democratic government. By the same time the Eritrean people are to be given the right to decide on their country’s future status of being a sovereign state or continuing to be a region within Ethiopia.

It is worth noting that the transitional parliament, the Council of Representatives, with eighty-seven representatives, consists of members from various ethnic groups, regional movements and political organizations. Thus, in a sense, Ethiopia today is a country that has taken a leap from being a one-party state led by one person, Mengistu Haile Mariam, to become a multiparty state which has entered on the path towards democracy.

The above-mentioned political change has resulted in expectations for changes in the Ethiopian economic system. As will be shown below, during the past seventeen years of socialist rule the Ethiopian economy has developed from a problematic but relatively stable and balanced macroeconomic situation to an economy in heavy distress. As in most other socialist countries, economic realities have led to the conclusion that economic

-288-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Economic Crisis in Africa: Perspectives on Policy Responses
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 354

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.