The Industrial Revolution and the Atlantic Economy: Selected Essays

By Brinley Thomas | Go to book overview
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I am grateful to Carlo Cipolla, Charles K. Hyde, Peter Lindert, and two anonymous referees for helpful comments on an earlier draft. I also benefited from discussion of the paper at the All-University of California Conference in Economic History at the University of California at Los Angeles in May 1985.
Consumption of pig iron equals domestic production plus imports of bar iron in pig iron equivalent (1.35 pig iron=1 bar iron). The population estimates, based on Wrigley and Schofield 1981: Table A3.1, are for England only, but the iron output and imports are for Great Britain, i.e. including Scotland and Wales. This discrepancy does not make much difference.


Albion, R.G. (1926) Forests and Sea Power. The Timber Problem of the Royal Navy 1652-1862, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Arrow, K.J. (1958) ‘Price-Quantity Adjustments in Multiple Markets with Rising Demands’, Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corp., P-1364-RC.
Arrow, K.J. and Capron, W.J. (1959) ‘Dynamic Shortages and Price Rises: The Engineer-Scientist Case’, Quarterly Journal of Economics 73:292-308.
Ashton, T.S. (1951) Iron and Steel in the Industrial Revolution, 2nd ed., Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Bairoch, P. (1966) ‘Le rôle de 1’agriculture dans la création de la sidérurgie moderne’, Revue dHistoire Economique et Sociale 44:5-23.
Beveridge, W.H. (1939) Prices and Wages in England from the Twelfth to the Nineteenth Century, London: Longmans Green, Vol. I.
Böethius, B. and Heckscher, E.F. (1938) Svensk Handelsstatistik 1637- 1737, Stockholm.
Brown, E.H. Phelps and Hopkins, S.W. (1956) ‘Seven centuries of the prices of consumables compared with builders’ wage rates’, Economica: 296-314.

Cipolla, C.M. (1965) Guns and Sails in the Early Phase of European Expansion 1400-1700, London: Collins.
——(1976) Before the Industrial Revolution. European Society and Economy 1000-1700, New York: Norton.
Coleman, D.C. (1953) ‘Naval dockyards under the later Stuarts’, Economic History Review 6:134-55.
——(1977) The Economy of England 1450-1750, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Cottrell, W.F. (1955) Energy and Society. The Relation between Energy, Social Change and Economic Development, New York: McGraw-Hill.

Davis, R. (1954) ‘English foreign trade 1600-1700’, Economic History Review 7:150-66.
——(1962) The Rise of the English Shipping Industry in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries, London: Macmillan.


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