A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Architecture

By Gwendolyn Leick | Go to book overview
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S

saff-tomb see ROCK-CUT TOMB

Sam’al see ZINJIRLI

Samaria

Palestine, see map p. xix. Israelite city founded by Omri (885-874 BC), who had moved the capital of the northern kingdom here from Tirzah Far’ah. It was further enlarged by the dynasty of Jehu and destroyed by the Assyrians in 705 BC. The town continued to be inhabited until the Byzantine era, but the royal quarters on the summit of the mound were left in ruins, and their stones re-used for other buildings to such an extent as to make an exact reconstruction of the ground plan impossible. The layout of the royal quarter was regular, and the buildings were aligned with the rectangular enclosure wall. There was a large courtyard, plastered with hard lime-mortar. Some pilaster capitals of the Proto-Aeolian type, which may have been part of a doorway originally, have been found re-used in later structures. Numerous fragments of ivory inlays among the débris of mud-

Proto-Aeolian capitals from Samaria (restored) (after Albright)

-181-

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