Select glossary of Hebrew and Yiddish terms
|aggadah (Aramaic) from the Hebrew haggadah, itself from the root ‘to tell’ or ‘relate’. Aggadah comprises biblical tales, rabbinical midrashic elaborations of biblical stories, legends of post-biblical figures and rabbinic sages, and theological, philosophical and ethical material.|
|Ashkenazic referring to Jews from western, central and eastern Europe|
|avodah begashmiut service to God through the ordinary conditions of life|
|avodah halev religious ‘service of the heart’|
|The Baalshem Tov the eighteenth-century founder of Hasidism, a mystical, pietistic sect of Orthodox Judaism|
|baleboosteh (Yiddish) bourgeois Jewish housewife|
|devekuth the mystical experience of cleaving to God|
|emunah trust, sometimes weakly translated as ‘faith’|
|En Sof the unknowable God-in-God’s-self|
|hesed translatable as loving kindness, faithfulness, or gracious love|
|hester panim the hiding of God’s face. A traditional term used to evoke the withholding of God’s power to avert human suffering|
|‘hinneni’ the ‘I am here’ or ‘here I am’ attributed to key biblical protagonists when responding to the summons of God kabbalah broadly, the Jewish mystical tradition|
|kavannah spiritual focus and intentionality|
|kavod divine radiance or glory|
|kedushah holiness (kadosh - holy)|
|Kiddush ha’ hayim the sanctification of God’s name in life|
|Kiddush Ha’ Shem the sanctification of God’s name, often through martyrdom|
|kipper commonly translated as ‘to atone’, but cognate with ‘rubbing off ’ or decontamination and ‘covering’|
|kittel a white robe worn by observant male Jews on Yom Kippur that symbolizes their spiritual and bodily purity as well as denoting human mortality|
|Lamedvovnik (Yiddish) Just Man or one of the Thirty-Six Hidden Saints who, according to Jewish legend, are concealed in every generation and upon whom the fate of the world depends|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The Female Face of God in Auschwitz:A Jewish Feminist Theology of the Holocaust.
Contributors: Melissa Raphael - Author.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 2003.
Page number: 205.
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