5
Sentencing Reform “Reform” through
Sentencing Information Systems
Marc L. Miller

Norval Morris often quotes an eminent nineteenth-century English politician who, when asked about proposals for parliamentary reform, responded, “Reform, reform. Don't talk to me about reform. We are in enough trouble already.”

Sentencing has undergone more reform over the past several decades than any other area of criminal justice, and perhaps as much reform as any area of the law. Indeed, one way to describe sentencing reform over the past half century is that law came to sentencing—an idea framed in the title of Marvin Frankel's famous speech and book, Criminal Sentences: Law Without Order (Frankel 1973).

About half of the U.S. states and the U.S. federal system have adopted “guideline” sentencing reforms over the past 30 years. These reforms vary substantially (Frase 1997, 2000; Reitz 1997) and have succeeded in varying degrees in both popular and professional assessment (Frase 1997, 2000; Miller 1995; Wright 2002). Guideline reforms typically involve the legislative creation of a sentencing commission, often a permanent commission, to promulgate sentencing rules and conduct sentencing research (Tonry 1996). The “commission and guideline” reform movement is now sufficiently advanced that the American Law Institute has begun the process of developing a model sentencing code based on the best practices from among these reforms (Reitz 2002).

Despite the high visibility of guideline sentencing reforms in legal, popular, and scholarly discourse, about half the U.S. states still use systems primarily modeled on an indeterminate sentencing model (Reitz 2001). In many of these states some common aspects of guideline systems other than the core elements of commissions and guidelines have been adopted, including various kinds of mandatory-minimum sentences, three-strikes provisions, and restrictions on parole (Wright 1998; Reitz, chapter 8 in this volume). Just over half the states, lured in large part by federal funding enticements, have adopted “truth in sentencing policies” requiring violent felony offenders to serve at least 85 percent of the sen

-121-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Future of Imprisonment
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Preface v
  • Contents *
  • Contributors viii
  • The Future of Imprisonment *
  • 1 - Has the Prison a Future? 3
  • References *
  • Part I - How Much Imprisonment Is Too Much? 25
  • 2 - Crime, Law, and the Community: Dynamics of Incarceration in New York City 27
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 3 - Restoring Rationality in Punishment Policy 61
  • Notes *
  • References 79
  • Part II - Going in 81
  • 4 - Limiting Retributivism 83
  • Notes 113
  • References *
  • 5 - Sentencing Reform “Reform” through Sentencing Information Systems 121
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • Part III - Being There 154
  • 6 - Democracy and the Limits of Punishment: a Preface to Prisoners' Rights 157
  • References *
  • 7 - Prison Reform amid the Ruins of Prisoners' Rights 179
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • Part IV - Coming out 197
  • 8 - Questioning the Conventional Wisdom of Parole Release Authority 199
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 9 - The Future of Violence Risk Management 237
  • Notes *
  • References *
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 263

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.