Public-Private Partnerships: Background Papers for the U.S.-U.K. Conference on Military Installation Assets, Operations, and Services

By Ellen M. Pint; John R. Bondanella et al. | Go to book overview

Appendix B: Short Definitions of Key
U.K. Initiatives and Terms
The following paragraphs give short descriptions of some important U.K. programs and initiatives. Because procurement and service delivery have been subject to many changes over the years, with each successive administration changing or renaming the activities of the one before, these programs do not directly relate to each other or follow a strict temporal sequence. In addition, there has been a great deal of overlap, with as many as 40 simultaneous management initiatives.
Building Down Barriers (BDB): a precursor to the more broadly based Smart Procurement initiative that promoted engagement between a single prime contractor on the commercial side and an intelligent customer on the MoD side for management of construction projects. It calls for contracts in functional terms involving a supply chain controlled by a single, fully accountable prime contractor. Under this initiative there was a natural gravitation toward smaller numbers of larger, longer-term contracts.
Competing for Quality (CFQ): a form of “market testing” (renamed in 1992) in which public-sector and private-sector entities compete to offer services to other public-sector entities. Most resulted in GOCO (Government Owned Contractor Operated) arrangements. They were initially limited to services valued at more than £5 million per year.
Contracting out: purchase of services by the public sector after competitive tendering by (only) private-sector organizations, with the bids explicitly compared to public-sector costs for delivering similar services.
Customer Charter: a device first promoted under the Major Government whereby public organizations would make explicit agreements on the quantity, quality, and other characteristics of services. Private organizations that assumed service delivery obligations (for example, under a PFI arrangement) should draft and fulfill similar agreements. This is closely related to the Customer Supplier and Service Level Agreements that serve in lieu of contracts for agencies.
Customer Supplier Agreements: see Customer Charter.
EU Procurement Directives: the MoD, like all public bodies in the EU, is bound (with some exceptions) by a number of EU requirements. There are three so-called Procurement Directives (covering goods, services, and major installations). They define a small number of acceptable tendering models; the default is the so-called open procedure whereby invitations to tender must be issued and bids accepted throughout the EU; under certain conditions a “restricted procedure” may be used to limit invitations to a short list of prequalified vendors. There are two relevant “opt out” provisions: tenders below specific value thresholds are exempt, and there is

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Public-Private Partnerships: Background Papers for the U.S.-U.K. Conference on Military Installation Assets, Operations, and Services
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Preface iii
  • Contents v
  • Figures ix
  • Tables xi
  • Summary xiii
  • Abbreviations xxiii
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • 2 - U.K. Overview 3
  • 3 - Housing 33
  • 4 - Base Operations 51
  • 5 - Logistics 75
  • 6 - Comparisons and Conclusions 103
  • Appendix A - Conference Participants 107
  • Appendix B - Short Definitions of Key U.K. Initiatives and Terms 111
  • Appendix C - Mod Pfi Contracts 115
  • Appendix D - Case Studies of Two Pfi Contracts 117
  • Appendix E - Mod Executive Agencies 121
  • Appendix F - Privatization of Mod Married Quarters Housing 123
  • Appendix G - Mod Initiatives in Construction and Property Management 129
  • Appendix H - Privatization of the Royal Dockyards 133
  • Bibliography 139
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