The Impeachment and Trial of Andrew Johnson

By Michael Les Benedict | Go to book overview

4

Johnson Forces
the Issue

THE DEFEAT of impeachment following upon the Republicans' mediocre showing in the 1867 elections had the effect radicals feared. Johnson and his supporters, convinced that the tide of Reconstruction was at last beginning to turn, pressed their opposition to Republican Reconstruction measures with renewed vigor. In Louisiana, the archconservative General Winfield S. Hancock, whom Johnson had designated to replace Sheridan, reversed his precedessor's policies, restoring to power the Johnsonian government officials whom Sheridan had removed. In Virginia, the conservative commander John M. Schofield continued his opposition to radical Republicans. He stolidly resisted radical efforts to persuade him to remove officials of the provisional government whose terms had expired, preferring to hold over the conservative and Democratic officers of the Johnson government rather than name radical Republicans. He was determined, he later wrote, to execute the Reconstruction Acts in Virginia in such a way as to "save that State from the great evils suffered by sister States." 1.

Hoping that Johnson would now act upon their complaints, Southerners renewed their attacks on the remaining military commanders in the South and increased their obstruction of the Reconstruction process. In Georgia, the provisional govern‐

____________________
1.
See the correspondence in House Executive Documents Nos. 172 and 209, 40th Congress, 2nd Session, relative to Louisiana; Schofield, Forty-Six Years in the Army (New York, 1897), 397.

-89-

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The Impeachment and Trial of Andrew Johnson
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • The Impeachment and Trial of Andrew Johnson *
  • Contents *
  • Preface ix
  • 1 - Andrew Johnson, the Republicans, and Reconstruction 1
  • 2 - Presidential Obstruction and the Law of Impeachment 26
  • 3 - The Politics of Impeachment 61
  • 4 - Johnson Forces the Issue 89
  • 5 - Trial 126
  • 6 - Verdict 168
  • Epilogue 181
  • Appendix 185
  • A Bibliographical Review 192
  • Index 203
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