Nutrition across the Life Span

By Mary Kay Mitchell | Go to book overview
CONTENTS
PART I Foundations
CHAPTER I
Introduction to Nutrition and the Life Span 3
Nutrition Needs 4
Food Energy 4
Macronutrients 4
Water 6
Minerals 6
Vitamins 6
Dietary Standards 6
Future Dietary Standards 7
Guides for Food Intake 9
Dietary Guidelines for Americans 9
Food Guide Pyramid I I
Nutrition Labeling II
Nutrition Facts Panel 13
Ingredient Labeling 13
Nutrient Content Claims 13
Health Claims 13
Promoting Use of Food Labels 14
Dietary Supplements 15
National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 16
Healthy People 2000 16
Progress Toward Healthy People 2000 Objectives 17
Nutrition Monitoring 20
Nutrition Across the Life Span 21
Text Overview 22
Concepts to Remember 23
Application: Assessing and Interpreting Nutrition Research 24
CHAPTER 2
Nutrition Assessment 28
The Nutrition Care Process 28
Overview of Nutrition Assessment 28
Development of a Nutrient Deficiency 29
Nutrition Assessment Techniques 29
Body Macronutnent Components 30
Application of Nutrition Assessment 31
Anthropometry 31
Weight for Height 32
Fatfolds 34
Midarm Circumference 35
Biochemical Measurements 36
Measurements on Blood 37
Urine 38
Somatic Protein 38
Visceral Protein 38
Iron Status 40
Clinical Assessment 41
Dietary Intake 42
Collecting Dietary Information 42
Interpretation of Dietary Information 44
Nutrition Assessment Across the Life Span 44
Concepts to Remember 47
Application: A Case for Nutrition Assessment 48
CHAPTER 3
Promoting Dietary Change: Nutrition Counseling 53
The Challenges of Nutrition Counseling 53
Settings for Nutrition Counseling 55
Counseling in the Hospital 55
Community-Based Counseling 55
Interpersonal Communication 56
Sender and Receiver 56
Verbal and Nonverbal Messages 56
Interference 56
Listening 56
Interviewing: An Essential Part of Counseling 57
Beginning Stage 58
Questioning 58
Closing the Interview 59
Nutrition Counseling 59
Preparation 59
Assessment 59
Intervention 60
Mutually Established Goals 60
Self-Management 60
Outcome Assessment 62
Follow-Up 63
Documentation 64

-xiii-

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