Beyond Positivism: Economic Methodology in the Twentieth Century

By Bruce J. Caldwell | Go to book overview

Index

a
absoluteness 76
accidental generalizations 55
Achinstein, Peter 48-9 , 82
adequacy, logical, conditions of 28
Agassi, Joseph 5 , 178
Alchian, Armen 158-9
alternative models of explanation 200-1
analyticity 115
analytic-synthetic distinction 112 , 115 , 121 , 122 , 134
anarchism in science 83
anti-inductivism 37 , 38
a priori 129 ;
system 132 ;
truth 140
assertability 55
assumptions 174 , 176-7 ;
empirical testing of 142 ;
fundamental 101 , 135 , 141 , 144 , 149 ;
of rationality 192 ;
realism of 177
Austrian :
economics 6 , 248 , 249 ;
economists Robbins and 103-6 ;
methodology 119-24 , 128-9 ;
progress, merits of 164 ;
revival in economics 117-19 ;
view of rationality assumption 148
Austrian Economic Society 103
Ayer, A. J., positivist 14 , 16 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 55

b
basic postulates of economic science 109
basic propositions of economic theory 133
Becker, G. on irrational behavior 159-62 , 167
behavioral theory 147
Berlin Group, positivists 20
Blaug, Mark 105 , 197 ;
and falsificationism 125 , 126 , 127 , 215 , 236 ;
and methodology 5 , 118
Boland, Lawrence, defense of Friedman 178 , 179 , 181 , 182 , 184 , 213 , 245 , 246 , 247 ;
and testability 241
Braithwaite, R. 19 , 175 ;
on theories 25
Bridgman, P. W. founder of operationalism 15 , 27 , 189
Bromberger, S. on covering-law models 58

c
Carnap, Rudolf 12 , 14 , 16 , 19 , 20 , 21-2 , 24 ;
on induction 43 ;
on theoretical terms 112
causality 121
ceteris paribus 200 ;
assumption 108 ;
clause 114-15 , 238
changing tastes and preferences 155-6
cognitive significance 12 , 13 , 16 , 105 ;
criterion of 19 , 20-3 , 221
Comte, Auguste 27 , 281
conclusions, false and invalid 114
confirmation 231-5 ;
notion of 22-3 ;
problems of 38-41 ;
and theory evaluation 222-3 ;
and verification 22
confirmationism 221-3
confirming and disconfirming, test instances 154-5
consistency:
in choice 101 , 103 ;
conditions 79 , 80
consumer theory 116 , 154 , 157
contemporary philosphy of science 89-93
context:
of discovery 50 ;
of justification 50
controlled experiment 100
conventionalism 52
covering-law models of explanation 58-9 , 199-200 ;
challenged 53-60
crisis of abstraction 127
criterion 232
critical rationalization, principles of 38 , 84
criticism 128-9

d
Dadaist anti-methodology 83
data interpretation 241
Davidson, D. quoted 57
decision-making processes 161
decision theory 147
deductive logic 113
deductive-nomological (D-N) model of scientific explanation 28 , 29 , 32 , 54 , 59 , 200 , 201
demand, law of 240
descriptivism 27 , 195 , 213 , 221
diminishing marginal returns, law of 240
disagreement in economics 173

-275-

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