Distance Education for Teacher Training

By Hilary Perraton | Go to book overview

purchase of a 100,000-watt short-wave transmitter and antenna, as well as lots of ancillary equipment. Yet it was not until Radio Nepal’s medium-wave capacity was expanded (using other sources) that the RETT programmes benefited from quality transmissions. Should the RETTP costs be considered in an analysis of development costs or not? There are many such questions in the 12-year life of a project.


REFERENCES

a
Agency for International Development/Nepal (1977): Project paper: Radio Education Teacher Training Project (Project No. 367-0123), Kathmandu: Author.
Agency for International Development/Nepal (1984): Project paper: Radio Education Teacher Training II (Project No. 367-0146), Kathmandu: Author.
Anzalone, S. and Mathema, S. S. B. (1989): Final external evaluation: Radio Education Teacher Training II Project (RETT II) (AID Project No. 367-0146), Arlington, Virginia: Institute for International Research.
Ashby, J., Klees, S., Pachico, D. and Wells, S. (1980): ‘Alternative strategies in the economic analysis of information/education projects’, in E. McAnany (Ed. ): Communications in the rural third world, New York: Praeger.

b
Butterworth, B., Karmacharya, D. M. and Martin, R. (1983): Final evaluation report: Radio Education Teacher Training Program (AID Project No. 367-0123), Kathmandu: Ministry of Education and Culture/United States Agency for International Development.

g
Greene, B. A., Royer, J. M. and Anzalone, S. (1990): ‘A new technique for measuring listening and reading literacy in developing countries’, International Review of Education, Vol. 36, No. 1, pp. 57-68.
Gurung, D. B. and Holmes, D. R. (1983): The Magazine Show: non-formal segment of the Radio Education Teacher Training broadcast (Report for USAID/Nepal), Lalitpur, Nepal: No-frills Development Consultancy.

h
Holmes, D. R. (1989a): Six-month report: Radio Education Teacher Training Project II (covering the period 19 June 1988 to 31 January 1989), Sano Thimi, Nepal: Radio Education Teacher Training Project/Academy for Educational Development.
Holmes, D. R. (1989b): What is the cost of training a teacher via RETT’s Basic Teacher Training course?, Sano Thimi, Nepal: Radio Education Teacher Training Project.
Holmes, D. R. (1990): Chief technical advisor’s final report: Radio Education Teacher Training Project II (covering the period 1 February 1989 to 18 June 1989), Washington, DC: Academy for Educational Development.
Holmes, D. R., Karmacharya, D. M. and Mayo, J. K. (1991): Training teachers at a distance: a case study of Nepal’s Radio Education Teacher Training Project (mimeo), Report submitted to Commonwealth Secretariat, London, and UNESCO, Paris.
Holmes, D. R., Shakya, S. M. and Pradhan, M. (1986): Report on achievement test administered to under-SLC and SLC-pass teachers in three subjects: Nepali, English and math, Sano Thimi, Nepal: Radio Education Teacher Training Project.

j
Jamison, D. T., Klees, S. J. and Wells, S. J. (1978): The costs of educational media: guidelines for planning and evaluation, Beverly Hills: Sage.

k
Karmacharya, D. M. (1988): Baseline information related to primary school teachers, Sano Thimi, Nepal: Research and Evaluation Section, Radio Education Teacher Training Project.
Karmacharya, D. M. (1989): Nepalese experience with an innovation: use of radio broadcasts for distance teaching in teacher training,

-187-

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Distance Education for Teacher Training
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgements ix
  • 1 - The Context 1
  • Pre-Service Initial Training of Teachers 19
  • 2 - Tanzania's Distance-Teaching Programme 21
  • References 41
  • 3 - The Zimbabwe Integrated Teacher Education Course 42
  • References 65
  • In-Service Initial Training of Teachers 67
  • 4 - Logos II in Brazil 69
  • 5 - Teacher Upgrading in Sri Lanka and Indonesia 95
  • References 132
  • 6 - Radio Education in Nepal 136
  • References 187
  • 7 - The National Teachers' Institute, Nigeria 196
  • 8 - The Primary Teachers' Orientation Course, Allama Iqbal Open University 228
  • Continuing Education 259
  • 9 - Educating Teachers at a Distance in Australia: Some Trends 261
  • 10 - Teacher Education at the Open University 287
  • 11 - The External Degree Programme at the University of Nairobi 316
  • References 341
  • 12 - The Correspondence and Open Studies Institute, University of Lagos 349
  • Notes 377
  • Quality, Effectiveness and Costs 379
  • 13 - The Costs 381
  • 14 - The Effects 391
  • Bibliography 405
  • Index 408
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