Sexual Behavior and HIV/AIDS in Europe: Comparisons of National Surveys

By Michel Hubert; Nathalie Bajos et al. | Go to book overview

Chapter 9

Condom Use

Françoise Dubois-Arber and Brenda Spencer

Introduction

Early in the course of the AIDS epidemic, condoms were recognized as an effective means of prevention if used properly and consistently. All the European countries from which data are presented in this chapter have included the promotion of condom use in their overall AIDS prevention policies, even if the importance of this element in relation to others, such as promotion of counselling and testing and advocacy of fidelity, has differed according to the different socio-cultural and political contexts. Prevention campaigns addressing the general population have been used more or less extensively, differing in intensity, duration, tone and style (Wellings, 1994), but were present in all countries.

In our comparison of condom use in the various countries, it is important to remember that attitudes to condoms at the beginning of the AIDS epidemic differed from country to country. Condoms have a long history: the first published mention of the device dates back to 1564. Although originally intended for disease prevention, their contraceptive properties were already known in the eighteenth century. The discovery of the vulcanization of rubber in 1839 led to widespread potential availability of the product (Gerofi and Spencer, 1994). However, traditions of use vary considerably from country to country (see Table 9.1), being determined by specific social, political and commercial environments. In some countries, such as the UK, they were for a long period the principal means of contraception, and were obtained both commercially and in birth control clinics. In others, their use was historically much more limited. In France, for example, they suffered from restrictions similar to those imposed on other contraceptive methods until 1967, when birth control finally became officially available. Furthermore, legislation prohibiting their promotion for disease prevention and for contraception was not finally abolished until 1987 and 1991 in the UK and France respectively.

-266-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Sexual Behavior and HIV/AIDS in Europe: Comparisons of National Surveys
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 442

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.