Urban Planning and Real Estate Development

By John Ratcliffe; Michael Stubbs | Go to book overview
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CHAPTER EIGHTEEN

Residential development

Hampshire says it is full up. In 40 years its population has grown by 60 per cent and its Conservative county council has decided enough is enough. The Council is not proposing to cordon off the county. It envisages 51000 homes being built in Hampshire between 1991 and 2001. But this is considerably less than the 66500 homes set for the county in government planning guidance.1

Any examination of the many issues surrounding residential development will require knowledge of the detailed nature of design and layout in new-build housing or conversion of existing stock as well as knowledge of the wider debate surrounding the allocation of new housing land. This chapter will consider both issues and will raise contemporary issues relating to both new settlements and urban villages. The chapter is divided into four sections as follows:
submitting planning applications for residential development
housing land availability
new settlements
urban villages

The starting point for an examination of residential development issues is to be found in government guidance as set out on PPG3, Housing, which was revised in 1992. This document deals with both design and layout issues and the allocation of housing land.

Paragraph 1 states:

The planning system must provide an adequate and continuous supply of land for housing, taking account of market demand and of government policies for the encouragement of home ownership and the provision of rented housing. It must also ensure that established environmental policies are maintained and enhanced. These policies, to which the Government is firmly committed, include the continuing protection of the green belts, National Parks and Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty, the conservation of natural

1. “Full of the rows of Spring”, The Guardian, 9 May 1990

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