Beyond Primitivism: Indigenous Religious Traditions and Modernity

By Jacob K. Olupona | Go to book overview

Notes
1
The book, subtitled The Story of Great Britain’s Industries and the Workers who Man the Machines, was put together by W. Muckle and sixteen other authors (no editor cited), London, n.d. (my father’s handwritten dedication was dated Christmas 1945).
2
Adam Smith, “The history of astronomy, ” in W. P. D. Wightman and J. C. Bryce (eds) Essays on Philosophical Subjects, The Glasgow Edition of the Works and Correspondence of Adam Smith, vol. 3, Indianapolis, 1982 (first published 1795), III(1-2), 48-9.
3
Ibid., III(1-2), 48-9; cf. ibid., II(5, 9), 40-2. See also G. B. Vico, La scienza nuova (1744 edn), in P. Rossi (ed. ) Opere, Milan, 1959, and David Hume, Treatise of Human Nature, London, 1774 (especially on the invisibility of apparent causation).
4
Smith, “Astronomy, ” IV(76), 104-5.
5
Friedrich Max Müller, The Science of Language, London, 1899, vol. 2, 618 (longer quotation), Anthropological Religion, The Gifford Lectures, London, 1892, 61, and Science, vol. 2, 568-9 (two shorter quotations, respectively).
6
Smith, “Astronomy, ” III(2), 49; cf. David Hume, Dialogues concerning Natural Religion, London, 1779.
7
Cf. E. J. Sharpe, Comparative Religion: A History, London, 1986, Ch. 3.
8
For methodological background, see E. Troeltsch, Historismus und seine Probleme, Gesammette Werke 3, Aulen, 1977 (first published 1922). Events were to catch up with Müller, of course, because more ancient texts were being deciphered.
9
G. W. Trompf, In Search of Origins, Studies in World Religions, London and New Delhi, 1990, 42 (first quotation), and Müller, Anthropological Religion (second quotation).
10
Müller was in fact the son of the famous German Romantic poet Wilhelm Müller. For this mythopoetic stage and the mythological theory of religion, see G. W. Trompf, Max Müller as a Theorist of Comparative Religion, Bombay, 1978, Ch.3, Pt.2. However, for Müller at his most cautious and restrained about this side to his theorizing, see his “Preface” to W. W. Gill, Myths and Songs from the South Pacific, London, 1976, ix-xii, xvii-xviii.
11
H. Spencer, An Autobiography, London, 1904, vol. 1, 476-7; cf. also The Principles of Sociology, London and Edinburgh, 1885, vol. 1, 85-91, where Spencer postulates a scale of relative curiosity to deal with missionaries’ and explorers’ accounts apparently contradicting his generalizations.
12
See esp. H. Spencer, First Principles, London, 1890, Ch. 1.
13
G. K. Clark, “Nineteenth century social thought, ” seminar presented to the History Department, Monash University, Melbourne, 1964.
14
K. Marx (with F. Engels), The German Ideology, 1845-46, Ch.1, a convenient translation of which is provided in K. Marx/F. Engels, On Religion, trans. Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1975, 67-8.
15
K. Marx, Grundrisse, trans. M. Nicolaus, Harmondsworth, 1973, 497.
16
For alleged Vichian influences on Marx, see E. Kamenka, “Vico and Marxism, ” in G. Tagliacozzo and H. White (eds) Giambattista Vico: An International Symposium, Baltimore, 1969, 137-43.
17
On the limits of Vico’s “Lucretianism, ” see G. W. Trompf, “Vico’s universe, ” British Journal for the History of Philosophy 2(1), 1994, esp. 82-3. Marx, as is well known, wrote his Jena doctoral thesis on Epicurus; cf. T. I. Oizerman, The Making of Marxist Philosophy, trans. A. Khmelyakov, Moscow, 1977, Pt. 1, Ch. 4. For Engels’ point, see, for example, K. Marx/F. Engels, Selected Works, trans. Foreign Languages Publications, Moscow, 1958, vol. 2, 134.
18
R. H. Codrington, The Melanesians, Oxford, 1891, 118-19; cf. ibid., 51, 57, 103, 115, etc., the second quotation being from Max Müller and welcomed as doing Codrington an honor. For details of the Müller-Codrington connection, see N. Gunson, “Victorian Christianity in the South Seas, ” Journal of Religious History 8(2), 1974, 188-93.
19
F. B. Jevons, An Introduction to the History of Religion, London, 1927 (first published 1896), 18 (first quotation), 20 (others).
20
J. G. Frazer, The Golden Bough, London, 1911 (first published 1890), vol. 1.
21
R. R. Marett, The Threshold of Religion, London, 1914 (first published 1909), 13, cf. 8 (shorter quotations), 10 (longer quotation).
22
Marett, Threshold, 12 (quoting J. Thomson, Through Masai Land, London, 1887, 445); cf. Marett, Threshold, 14ff.
23
Cf. A. Lang, The Making of Religion, London, 1900.

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