Central Banking Systems Compared: The ECB, the Pre-Euro Bundesbank, and the Federal Reserve System

By Emmanuel Apel | Go to book overview

Illustrations

Tables
1.1 Capital and foreign reserve assets transferred by the National Central Banks to the European Central Bank 11
2.1 Summary of institutional characteristics of the ECB/ Eurosystem, the pre-euro Deutsche Bundesbank, and the US Federal Reserve System 34-38
3.1 The major macroeconomic indicators, with release frequency, used in the framework of the ECB’s broadly based assessment of future price developments in the eurozone 74-77
3.2 Monetary policy instruments of the Eurosystem, the pre-euro Bundesbank and the Federal Reserve System 82-83
3.3 Convergence of key official short-term interest rates, in per cent, of eurozone National Central Banks, from mid-1997 to end of 1998 92
3.4 Key ECB interest rate, the main refinancing rate: 1999-2001 107
3.5 Bundesbank monetary targets, inflation objective and the outcomes (with eurozone and US memorandum data) 110-15
3.6 FOMC’s target (‘intended’) federal funds rate, future policy bias and disclosure policy: 1990-2002 126-27
4.1 General government balance (as a percentage of GDP, 1998-2004) 152
4.2 GDP growth rates and HICP inflation rates, 1998-2002 for the eurozone and its Member States (EUR-11 prior to 2001 and EUR-12 from 2001 onwards) 155
4.3 Representation of the Eurosystem/ESCB in external and EU bodies 167-69
4.4 Bank supervisory structure in EU countries and the US 178-79
4.5 Market share of branches and subsidiaries of foreign credit institutions as a percentage of the total assets of domestic credit institutions, end-1997 184

-ix-

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