The Salmon P. Chase Papers - Vol. 3

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pressed disapproval for allowing the plantations to be leased and clarified the missions of Pierce and Reynolds. "Your agency was created for the purpose of collecting & saving property mainly," he informed Reynolds. "Mr Pierce's mainly for the purpose of obtaining information in regard to the condition of the laboring people & the proper care of them." Chase to Reynolds, March 20, 1862 ( Chase Papers, Cinc. Hist. Soc.); New York Times, Mar. 20, 1862.
NaN. Orders issued by Thomas W. Sherman on February 6, 1862, had sanctioned the network of government agents and philanthropists that Chase and Pierce supported. OR, ser. 1, v. 6:222-23.


Letter in clerk's hand, signed by Pierce. Port Royal Correspondence, Records of Civil War Special Agencies of the Treasury Department (Record Group 366), National Archives (micro 20:0007).

Port Royal, South Carolina. April 1st. 1862.

Hon. Salmon P. Chase.

Dear Sir: --

It is my purpose in this communication to give a connected statement of my doings since my arrival at Beaufort, Sunday, March 9th. I have forwarded requests at different times since then, but have reserved a full statement until now, intending that such requests, with the hasty remarks which may accompany them, shall not dispense with the more full and connected reports you have required of me.1

Every day of the first week except Saturday, which was stormy, I took long rides of twenty miles or more on Port Royal Island, on which Beaufort is situated, in order to find locations. An army wagon with four horses, which General Stevens had assigned me, was sent off almost every morning, with some of the Superintendents, their luggage and implements, to their respective locations. A part of my time the first week was occupied in drawing rations for the superintendents, providing for their temporary quarters, and conferences with the military authorities in furtherance of the work. A few superintendents were sent off to other Islands than Port Royal the first week, but the main work was devoted to that Island. [Three] were sent to Edisto, and one to Dawfuskie while we were at Hilton Head, and before we reached Beaufort.

During the second week which ended with March 22d. I was occupied with riding over Ladies and St. Helena, and finding proper locations and assigning and conveying the superintendents to them. At the close of this week I had assigned to their respective places the forty- four Superintendents who were then here. In the course of it, the wagon was transferred to these Islands and kept on Eustis' plantation on Ladies Island, close to its junction by a bridge with St Helena, a central point, where we keep a part of our agricultural implements and seeds, and near which is my own headquarters on Pope's Plantation,


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