malu acquire a renewed vitality and significance in this context and are directly important for arguments about compensation payments. At the same time, in a broader sense they enable the people to feel they understand, and to some extent can control, the activities of the companies. This indigenous knowledge is therefore a vehicle for popular agency in a changed contemporary context. The example therefore further demonstrates the need to take a broad definitional line in relation to knowledge, and to see that intellectual rights are bound up with deeply practical issues that link local cosmology with negotiations over monetary compensation payments. The restricted rights over malu stories that protected group claims before are turned into claims for payments from commercial enterprises that have entered the Duna area. In these senses the concepts of both indigenous knowledge and intellectual property rights have proved themselves to be highly relevant for understanding contemporary development processes.
Apffell-Marglin, F. and S. A. Marglin. 1990. Dominating Knowledge: Development, culture and resistance . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Antweiler, C. 1998. Local knowledge and local knowing. An anthropological analysis of contested ‘cultural products’ in the context of development. Anthropos 93: 469-494.
Ballard, C. 1998. The sun by night: Huli moral topography and myths of a time of darkness. In Fluid Ontologies. (eds) L. R. Goldman and C. Ballard. Westport, CT: Bergin and Garvey. 67-86.
Biersack, A. 1999. The Mount Kare python and his gold: Totemism and ecology in the Papua New Guinea highlands. American Anthropologist 101: 68-87.
Brush, S. B. and D. Stabinsky (eds). 1996. Valuing Local Knowledge: Indigenous people and intellectual property rights. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Escobar, A. 1995. Encountering Development. The making and unmaking of the third world. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Richards, P. 1993. Cultivation: Knowledge or performance? In An Anthropological Critique of Development. The growth of ignorance . (ed. ) M. Hobart. London: Routledge. 60-78.
Schieffelin, E. L. and R. Crittenden (eds). 1991. Like People You See in a Dream. First contact in six Papuan societies . Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Semali, L. M. and J. L. Kincheloe. 1999. What is Indigenous Knowledge? Voices from the academy. New York: Falmer Press.
Sillitoe, P. 1983. Roots of the Earth. Crops in the highlands of Papua New Guinea. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
——1996. A Place Against Time. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publications.
——2000. Let them eat cake. Indigenous knowledge, science and the ‘poorest of the poor’. Anthropology Today 16 (6): 3-7.
Stewart, P. J. and A. Strathern. 1997. Sorcery and sickness: Spatial and temporal movements in Papua New Guinea and Australia. Townsville, Australia: James Cook University, Centre for Pacific Studies Discussion Papers Series 1: 1-27.
——1998. Papua New Guinea a year after the drought. Environmental health issues in
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Development and Local Knowledge: New Approaches to Issues in Natural Resources Management, Conservation, and Agriculture.
Contributors: Alan Bicker - Editor, Paul Sillitoe - Editor, Johan Pottier - Editor.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 2003.
Page number: 62.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may
not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.