Nazi Foreign Policy, 1933-1941: The Road to Global War

By Christian Leitz | Go to book overview

1

Hitler and Mussolini

The road to alliance in war

[N]o state is better suited than Italy as an ally for Germany. 1

In 1928 Hitler completed a rambling and repetitive exposition of policy objectives, otherwise known as his (unpublished) ‘second’ or ‘secret book’. In the manuscript Italy stands out as the country that held the greatest interest for the leader of the NSDAP. 2 Hitler’s verdict was resoundingly positive. The fact that Italy, in spite of its pre-war alliance with Germany, had joined the country’s enemies in 1915 and that, in 1919, it had gained South Tyrol with its large German-speaking community did not deter Hitler from his total devotion to achieving an alliance with Italy. Instead he demonstrated a very distinct commitment to explaining away both issues.

As early as 1919, at the very beginning of his political career, Hitler declared in a speech that Italy had entered the war due to its hatred of Austria, not because of any antagonism towards Germany. 3 The same argument he used repeatedly to explain away as unnecessary the previous conflict between Germany and Italy. Put plainly, Austria was ‘the determining force which drove the Italian people’ to go to war—‘and the visible possibility of being able to benefit their own Italian interests’. 4

By far the most significant of the ‘Italian interests’ was South Tyrol with its large Italian population, but also its substantial Austrian minority. In 1920, Hitler did not yet offer an explanation of how to resolve the obvious conflict of interests over that particular territory. It was clear, however, that the issue was certain to disrupt his goal of an alliance with Italy. At this early point in his political career, Hitler was, in fact, still in agreement with other German nationalists in demanding the integration of the territory into a Greater Germany. 5 Within the Nazi movement this stance found its official reflection in the party programme of 1920. By the end of the 1920s, however, the programme had been changed on

-9-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Nazi Foreign Policy, 1933-1941: The Road to Global War
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction 1
  • 1 - Hitler and Mussolini 9
  • 2 - Getting onto Closer Terms with the Gangsters 32
  • 3 - Hitler, Poland and Germany's Conservative Elites 62
  • 4 - The Road to 'Barbarossa' 75
  • 5 - Nazi Germany and Southeast Europe 92
  • 6 - The Nazi Regime and the American Hemisphere 105
  • 7 - Falling Between Two Stools 123
  • Conclusion 138
  • Notes 147
  • Bibliography 176
  • Index 187
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 193

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.