Glossary of Roman military terms
|aedituus, temple guard, shrine keeper (the aedituus must have had charge of the aedicula where the signa (v. infra) were kept (cf. Fink, 1971:185, n. 7). |
|beneficiarius, seconded for special duty by the officer who is cited; if consularis, by the provincial governor. |
|caligati (milites), common soldiers, rank and file. |
|cataphracti, general term for armoured cavalry (see also clibanarii). |
|clarissimi, grade of senatorial order. |
|clibanarii, heavy mailed cavalry (clibanus: oven—a reference to the discomfort of their armour). |
|cohors, an infantry regiment consisting of about 500 men. |
|comitatenses, soldiers of the mobile field army. |
|decurion, (military) commander of a troop of cavalry. |
|discens mensorem, apprentice surveyor. |
|dromedarius, camel rider. |
|duplicarius (lit. received double pay), as a reward either for valour or responsibility. |
|dux (pl. duces), military commanders of frontier districts. |
|egregius, grade of equestrian order. |
|eminentissimus, grade of equestrian order. |
|equites promoti, legionary cavalry. |
|Illyricianus, of or composed of Illyrians. |
|indigena, a native, an original inhabitant of a place. |
|laterculum minus, register of minor military commissions. |
|limitanei, frontier troops, also called ripenses, riparienses.|
|optio, second-in-command, lieutenant, to a centurion awaiting promotion. |
|praeses, governor of a province. |
|(legiones) pseudocomitatenses, units made redundant by the surrender of frontier territory to the Persians by Jovian and added to the mobile army of the East. |
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The Roman Eastern Frontier and the Persian Wars (AD 226-363): A Documentary History.
Contributors: Michael H. Dodgeon - Editor, Samuel N. C. Lieu - Editor.
Place of publication: London.
Publication year: 1994.
Page number: 401.
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