European Union Foreign and Security Policy: Towards a Neighbourhood Strategy

By Roland Dannreuther | Go to book overview
Save to active project


Policies towards Russia, Ukraine, Moldova and Belarus

Andrei Zagorski

Relations between the European Union (EU) and the Soviet successor states, including the four countries covered in this chapter, developed from the early 1990s in parallel with the development of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). They have evolved on the basis of the Partnership and Cooperation Agreements (PCAs) concluded with the countries concerned in the mid-1990s, as well as, in some cases, on the basis of CFSP Common Strategies towards individual countries, and/or decisions by the Council of Ministers. In most cases, relations were, and predominantly, remain within the domain of the European Commission, and only recently the EU’s CFSP institutions have started getting more actively involved in pursuing cooperation with some of the countries in the region. This Union engagement is particularly true with regard to the evolving ‘strategic partnership’ of the EU with Russia. Nevertheless, EU policy towards the countries concerned, as with the CFSP in general, is as yet far from representing a single policy of a single actor. Policymaking is not only evolving from the mutual adjustments of different national policies on the basis of a common denominator, but also gradually emerging through the development of ‘binding orientations’ and ‘the increased coherence of EU and Member States’ action’. 1

For the EU, managing and supporting the economic and political transformation of the Newly Independent States (NIS) by promoting the market, democracy and the rule of law has represented a series of challenges. This is especially true for the western Newly Independent States that are prospective new direct neighbours of an enlarged EU: Belarus, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine. However, this dimension of the Union’s policy has never enjoyed the highest priority. The internal institutional reforms and developments of the EU, as well as the management of the eastward enlargement process, have been and remain the immediate preoccupations of the EU and its member states. From the mid-1990s, stabilization and peace-building in the western Balkans shifted the focus of EU policy further away from the NIS. This is reflected in the significant redirection of assistance funds. Within the CARDS assistance programme for the western Balkans, the EU has allocated C4.65 billion for the period


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
European Union Foreign and Security Policy: Towards a Neighbourhood Strategy


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 226

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?