|Hakka. “Guest people.” Migrants from north and central China who settled in the mountains and borderlands of the south but maintained distinct dress and dialect and refused to practice certain local customs such as foot-binding. They were among the early converts and main supporters of the Taiping Rebellion. Hakka women had normal feet and thus were able to form regiments of Taiping fighters. Like other Taiping, many were cruelly slaughtered upon defeat in 1864. See alsoHan.|
|Halifax, Edward Wood (1881–1959). Viceroy of India, 1926–1931; foreign secretary, 1938–1941; ambassador to Washington, 1941–1946. He helped draft the India Act of 1935. Although at first taken in by German assurances, and a supporter of the policy of appeasement, he later encouraged Neville Chamberlain to take a much tougher line toward Hitler. Indeed, what backbone there was in British foreign policy between Munich and the outbreak of World War II may be attributed largely to Halifax. Winston Churchill kept him on as foreign secretary. He was then dispatched to the critically important post in Washington during some of the darkest days of the war, when U.S. aid was vital to Britain’s survival.|
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Publication information: Book title: The Greenwood Encyclopedia of International Relations. Volume: 2. Contributors: Cathal J. Nolan - Author. Publisher: Greenwood Press. Place of publication: Westport, CT. Publication year: 2002. Page number: 688.
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