|Kádár, János (1912–1989). Hungarian Communist dictator, 1956–1965; prime minister, 1956–1958, 1961–1965. Accused by Stalinists of secret Titoism, he was imprisoned, 1951–1954. During the Hungarian Uprising he participated in the early reforms by Imre Nagy, but he fled Budapest as the movement evolved into a full-fledged anti-Communist rebellion. He reappeared in eastern Hungary to proclaim a new government—all in collusion with the Soviet invasion. He again submerged his inclination to reform during his first premiership. His second term saw some liberalization at home (following a revenge purge of Hungarian Stalinists), but he remained loyal to Moscow in foreign affairs. |
|kaffir. (1) In Islam, an “infidel” or nonbeliever, usually a pagan but for more extreme Muslims also including Christians and Jews (who by mainstream Muslims are otherwise considered “people of the book”—of divine revelations through a succession of prophets). (2) In South Africa, a racial epithet used by whites—especially the Boers—about the native African populations. See also Xhosa; Zulu. |
|kaiser. “Caesar.” (1) All Austrian emperors, to 1918. (2) The title of three German emperors, 1871–1918. See also Franz Joseph; Kaisertreu; Frederick III; Tsar; Wilhelm II. |
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The Greenwood Encyclopedia of International Relations.
Contributors: Cathal J. Nolan - Author.
Publisher: Greenwood Press.
Place of publication: Westport, CT.
Publication year: 2002.
Page number: 884.
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