|Kennedy Round (1962–1967). A major round of GATT negotiations representing the apex of U.S. global trade management among OECD countries. Although agriculture was excluded, tariffs on nonagricultural products were reduced by one-third. The United States continued to accept asymmetrical benefits to sustain European and Japanese postwar recovery, within the context of also providing economic buffering of those areas from Soviet political influence during the Cold War. In exchange, it was assured that as Europe moved toward integration it remained open to free, multilateral trade and liberal political values. This round also introduced rules against dumping.|
|Kenya. The Masai, a warrior tribe of cattle-rearing pastoralists, moved into the Rift Valley and Masai Steppe, displacing—even destroying—rival pastoralists in these areas by the eighteenth century but trading peacefully with established forest and hill peoples such as the Kikuyu. The Masai also engaged in nearly constant “civil war”—or, more accurately, interclan war—over the best pastureland. This unrest inhibited trade and exploration into the nineteenth century. Britain and Germany competed for trade and influence in this region until 1886, when they agreed to divide their interests into a British sphere of influence in Kenya and a German sphere in Tanganyika. Kenya was controlled by the British East Africa Company until 1893, when it became a part of the British East Africa protectorate. Some local government was granted|
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Publication information: Book title: The Greenwood Encyclopedia of International Relations. Volume: 2. Contributors: Cathal J. Nolan - Author. Publisher: Greenwood Press. Place of publication: Westport, CT. Publication year: 2002. Page number: 895.
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