The Second French Revolution, August-September, 1792
WAR UPSET THE PLANS of everyone who, for one reason or another, had brought it about. Except for a short interlude it lasted until 1815, and by then had convulsed all Europe. But its first effects were felt in France: there it brought the fall of the king and ushered in political democracy.
Dumouriez, who regarded himself as a diplomat first of all, was given charge of foreign affairs. He felt sure that he could isolate Austria and seize Belgium, where there were only 40,000 Habsburg troops, then make an early peace at the cost of little fighting. How he proposed to get Francis II in this position can be learned from the talks his agent Benoît held at Berlin concerning changes in the French constitution.
Prussia, Sardinia, and the Turks were the traditional and therefore seemed the most likely partners to an anti-Austrian coalition. Yet French envoys were rejected by all three, and England rebuffed Talleyrand, once more in London with the marquis de Chauvelin. Although some encouragement could be drawn from the assassination of Gustavus III in Sweden by one of his nobles on March 16 and from the fall from favour of
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Publication information: Book title: The French Revolution. Volume: 1. Contributors: Georges Lefebvre - Author, Elizabeth Moss Evanson - Translator. Publisher: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Place of publication: London. Publication year: 1962. Page number: 227.
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