University of California
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are characterized by a spectrum of abnormal behaviors that include marked impairment in reciprocal social interaction, communication difficulties; and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of interests and activities (American Psychiatric Association, 1994). ASDs can also be associated with hyperactivity, impulsivity, anxiety, cognitive disorganization, affective instability, aggression, and distractibility, symptoms that overlap with other disorders such as obsessive- compulsive disorder (OCD) and other anxiety disorders, affective disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and sometimes even having similarities to psychotic disorders. Treatment of ASD requires psychological and social approaches including special education, speech and language therapy, occupational therapy, and behavioral therapies, the symptoms in individuals with ASD might improve with additional psychotropic medication treatment.
Although psychotropic medications might not reduce the core symptoms of ASDs, it has become increasingly common for patients to be on one or more psychotropic medications for the associated symptoms. It is estimated that as many as half of the individuals with a diagnosis of ASD are treated with one or more psychotropic medications (Martin, Scahill, Klin, & Volkmar, 1999). Children and adolescents with ASD often respond preferentially to different psychopharmacologic agents, but it is difficult to predict in advance which agent
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Book title: Asperger's Syndrome: Intervening in Schools, Clinics, and Communities. Contributors: Linda J. Baker - Editor, Lawrence A. Welkowitz - Editor. Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Place of publication: Mahwah, NJ. Publication year: 2005. Page number: 63.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.