The Oxford History of the British Empire - Vol. 4

By Judith M. Brown; Wm. Roger Louis et al. | Go to book overview

27

Latin America

ALAN KNIGHT

The history of the Latin American political economy in the first half of the twentieth century was strongly conditioned by three external shocks: the two world wars and the Great Depression. Together, these dealt drastic blows to Britain's position of pre-eminence which, even before 1914, was fast eroding as a result of German and United States competition as well as internal economic and political challenges. The British fought a long and dogged rearguard action in Argentina, where the Depression briefly bolstered British interests. But Argentina was exceptional; and even in Argentina the British revival proved to be a respite, not a reprieve. The revival of British influence in the 1930s guaranteed a yet more extreme assertion of Argentine nationalism and anti-imperialism in the 1940s. The Second World War and its aftermath, therefore, brought to an end the long cycle of British 'imperialism' in Latin America. The Falklands—Malvinas War of 1982—'an irrelevant exercise in nostalgia'—represented a sad coda to a historic Anglo‐ Argentinian relationship; it was a throwback to an older era of violent confrontation ; but, most of all, it was an anachronistic example of mutual posturing by two powers which, since their bitter parting in the late 1940s, had both suffered economic and political decline. 1

The outbreak of the First World War, coming hard on the heels of the 1913 depression, jolted Latin American exporters. The docks of Santos, Buenos Aires, and Callao lay idle; soup kitchens had to be set up on the streets of Santiago; in Peru's Cañete valley, site of a British sugar mill, businessmen and officials feared shutdown, unemployment, hunger, and 'the likelihood of unrest'. 2 The Chilean cruiser Esmeralda, which had mown down striking nitrate workers at Iquique seven years before, now steamed into harbour to remove 10,000 of the same workers who were camping, destitute, on the dockside. The condition of 'dependency' was starkly underlined: Latin American wars might preoccupy European

____________________
For Latin America in the nineteenth century see Vol. III.
1
H. S. Ferns, 'Argentina: Part of an Informal Empire?', in Alistair Hennessy and John King, eds., The Land That England Lost (London, 1992), p. 60. For British investment see Figs. 27.1-27.3.
2
Bill Albert, South America and the First World War (Cambridge, 1988), pp. 1, 37-38, 40, 50.

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Oxford History of the British Empire - Vol. 4
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 773

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.