Birds; Lysistrata; Assembly-Women; Wealth

By Stephen Halliwell; Aristophanes | Go to book overview
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Listed here are those proper names (excluding the purely fictional) of people, places, and institutions which are not explained in the Explanatory Notes. References are selective. An acute accent over a vowel or diphthong is used to mark the appropriate syllable for the main stress in English pronunciation. Capitals within entries indicate cross references. Play titles are abbreviated as in the Explanatory Notes.

AESOP, early sixth-century slave from Samos, author of animal fables already popular in Ar.'s time (B. 471, 651, L. 695)

AGAMEMNON, king of Mycenae, brother of MENELAOS, joint leader of Greeks in Trojan War (B. 509)

AGORA, civic centre of Athens (as of other Greek cities: see B. 1006), con- taining courts, other official buildings (We. 874-6), temples, statues of heroes (AW 682), noticeboards (B. 450), and shops (L. 557-8, AW 819)

AGÝRRHIOS, popular early fourth-century Athenian politician, responsible for introducing (at one obol), and later increasing to three obols, payment for attendance at ASSEMBLY (AW183-8, with Aristotle, Athenaion Politeia 4I.3); mocked for passive homosexuality (AW102, 176)

AKRÓPOLIS limestone 'citadel', the original location of settlement at Athens, and in the classical period its major religious centre, particularly sacred to ATHENA (L.241), site of Parthenon and other temples (L.176 ff., 482-3, etc. ) as well as the state treasury (L.174, 488)

AMMON, god (sometimes identified with ZEUS) of Egyptian Thebes, possessor of an important oracular shrine at Siwah in the Libyan desert (B. 619, 7I6)

APHRODITE, goddess of sexuality (L. 832, AW8), born from the sea foam near KYPROS; daughter of ZEUS, often linked with EROS (L. 551, AW 966-7); oaths by her were a feature of women's speech (AW189)

APOLLO, son of Leto, brother of ARTEMIS, born on Delos (B. 869); god of music/song (L. 1281, B.217, 772) and prophecy (B. 716, 722), with major oracle at DELPHI; associated with both sending and curing/warding off disease (B. 584); sometimes titled PHOIBOS

ARISTYLLOS, otherwise unknown citizen alleged to be coprophiliac at AW 647-8, We. 314

ARTEMIS, virgin-goddess of hunting and wild animals (L. 435, 1262), daugh- ter of ZEUS and Leto, twin-sister of APOLLO (L. 1280-I)

ASKLEPIOS, god of healing; visitors to his shrines, at Athens (one near the Peiraieus, one on south slope of the AKRÓPOLIS) and elsewhere (above all, at Epidauros in north-east Peloponnese), slept in the sanctuary overnight

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