5John Randolph joined the Sixth Congress at Philadelphia
in December 1799. He took his place with the Republican minority. The burden of congressional Republicanism
at this time was the attack on Federalist programs and the
administration of President John Adams. Randolph joined
eagerly in this assault, and in his third congressional appearance demonstrated his peculiar talent for dramatizing
an issue of principle and starting a fuss. On January 1,
1800, Randolph addressed the House in support of a bill to
reduce the standing army. In the course of his speech,
Randolph restated the traditional country-party anxiety
about the inherent threat to liberty posed by a standing
|It is, sir, by a cultivation of your militia alone that you can always
be prepared for every species of attack. When citizen and soldier
shall be synonymous terms, then will you be safe. When gentlemen attempt to alarm us with foreign dangers, they will permit
me to advert to those of a domestic and more serious nature; they
will suffer me to warn them against standing armies—against destroying the military spirit of the citizen, by cultivating it only in
the soldier by profession; against an institution to which has
wrought the downfall of every free state, and rivetted the fetters
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The Education of John Randolph.
Contributors: Robert Dawidoff - Author.
Publisher: W. W. Norton.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 1979.
Page number: 164.
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