Writing in the Academic Disciplines: A Curricular History

By David R. Russell | Go to book overview
Save to active project



Cross-curricular writing programs were almost always a response to a perceived need for greater access, greater equity. They set out to assimilate, integrate, or (in the current phrasing) initiate previously excluded students by means of language instruction. So, it is not surprising that the greatest efforts came as the pressure for access increased. The cooperation movement and the first general-education initiatives began just after the turn of the century, when middle-class, rural, and immigrant students were clambering for admission; the core-curriculum experiments at Chicago and elsewhere, as well as the correlated curriculum movement, flourished in the 1930s when economic pressures forced students out of the job market and back into school—and when social agitation for egalitarian reforms was at its height in modern America; the communications movement and the postwar reforms in general education were explicit responses to the massive influx of GI's into higher education; and the current WAC movement was born in the early 1970s, when open admissions in universities and racial integration in secondary schools forced educators to rethink language instruction.

When pressures for greater access abated in the late 1950s and early 1960s, writing in the disciplines received little attention within English, as pressures for disciplinary excellence increased. At the secondary level, English, like the sciences, was immediately influenced by Jerome S. Bruner's emphasis on the structure of the


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Writing in the Academic Disciplines: A Curricular History


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 410

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?