Conservation Medicine: Ecological Health in Practice

By A. Alonso Aguirre; Richard S. Ostfeld et al. | Go to book overview

20
Wildlife Health, Ecosystems, and
Rural Livelihoods in Botswana
Michael D. Kock
Gary R. Mullins
Jeremy S. Perkins

Botswana has a wealth of biogeographical habitats, ranging from swamps to sand dunes, allowing for great diversity in its native animal population. The economic importance of livestock, both to rural livelihoods and to foreign exchange earnings, has precipitated the implementation of strict veterinary disease control measures. Vaccination, movement control, test and slaughter, blanket slaughter, and aerial spraying are methods of animal disease control that have been utilized over the past 40 years. In this chapter we examine the measures used to control foot-and-mouth disease, contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, and trypanosomiasis and the impact these measures have had on disease incidence, wildlife, ecosystems, and human health. We also suggest alternative strategies for future development of the wildlife and livestock sectors.


20.1 Background

Botswana's semi-arid climate, periodic droughts, poor soils, and lack of reliable water supplies severely limit its agricultural and other economic opportunities. In the 1960s, due to the discovery of large diamond reserves in the Kalahari (Morna 1979) and preferential trade policies with the European Union, the economic outlook of the country improved drastically. The human population is expected to reach 1.7 million by year 2001, with 80% of all Botswanans living in the eastern third of the country (Roodt 1998). However, the current population growth rate of over 3% may be reduced in the future due to one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in the world. Biogeographically, Botswana may be divided into two broad regions corresponding to the Zambezian and Kalahari-Highveld zones.

-265-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Conservation Medicine: Ecological Health in Practice
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 407

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.