An Introduction to Syntax

By Robert D. Van Valin Jr. | Go to book overview
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List of figures
1.1 Language as a correlation between gestures and meaning page1
1.2 Language as a correlation between gestures and meaning (revised)3
2.1 Verb-specific semantic roles and thematic relations29
2.2 Continuum from verb-specific semantic roles to grammatical relations31
2.3 Accusative versus ergative patterns36
2.4 Structure of relative clauses47
2.5 Structure of matrix-coding-as-subject construction50
2.6 Structure of matrix-coding-as-object construction50
2.7 Structure of control construction in (2.64a)53
2.8 Structure of control construction in (2.64b)54
2.9 Structure of conjunction-reduction construction in (2.70b)56
3.1 Preliminary dependency representation102
3.2 Enhanced representation102
3.3 Yagua head-marking PP 'in the canoe'103
3.4 Swahili head-marking clause in (3.16)103
3.5 Representation of Kalkatunga sentence in (3.2a¢)103
3.6 Representation of Croatian sentence in (3.1b)104
3.7 Coordination of NPs and Vs104
3.8 Active and passive clauses in English104
3.9 Grammatical relations versus macroroles in Yidi¤ and English105
3.10 Malagasy object complement105
3.11 English infinitival complement105
3.12 Dyirbal relative clause106
3.13 Enhanced representations of English control construction and Dyirbal relative clause106
4.1 Aspects of a phrase-structure tree115
4.2 Preliminary phrase-structure tree for (4.3a)117
4.3 Phrase-structure trees for the two readings of (4.12a)118
4.4 Tree diagram for (4.17b)118
4.5 Constituent structure of (4.13b)119
4.6 Constituent structure of (4.19a)120

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