International Organizations and the Analysis of Economic Policy, 1919-1950

By Anthony M. Endres; Grant A. Fleming | Go to book overview
Save to active project

The Full Employment Movement
from the 1940s


Much research work in international organizations during the 1940s focused on policies associated with full employment. The experience of worldwide depression in the 1930s and the rise of Keynesian macroeconomics played a significant part in research on the problem of transition from wartime in both developing economies and developed economies. The late 1930s and early 1940s were described as a “great transformation…in economic thought” at the ILO where “the economy was no longer regarded as being fundamentally self-directing” and “the possibility of an equilibrium at a low level of employment for an indefinite period of time had been recognised” (ILO 1950a:25). Research effort on the immediate policy problems associated with postwar transition drew upon earlier LON work on economic developments post-First World War. Major issues involved economic reconstruction, relaxation of price controls, and the containment of inflation, restoration of international trade, demobilization of labor, and the avoidance of mass unemployment. Employment policy continued to feature prominently in ILO and UN work throughout the decade due to recognition of the link between unemployment and social and political problems. The international community in the new postwar world order appeared to establish a consensus predicated on the belief that countries could exploit “the possibilities for concerted government action to attain global social objectives” (Lee 1994:474).

While the economic problems facing countries postwar were familiar to researchers, the international policy institutions that were born after the Second World War placed a new set of responsibilities on international organizations. The reincarnation of the League of Nations in the United Nations led to many key research secretariats being reformed in constituent bodies such as the International Monetary Fund, the World


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
International Organizations and the Analysis of Economic Policy, 1919-1950


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 290

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?