Appendix 1: A basic guide toThe following is intended to assist readers unaware of the institutional
system of the European Union and of Community law. It provides the
minimum necessary to understand the various expressions used
and references made in this book. Further information can be found
in textbooks on EC law or on the website of the European Union at www.europa.eu.int.
the European Union
THE EUROPEAN UNION, THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITYThe Treaty of the European Economic Community (also known as the 'EEC
Treaty', or the 'Treaty of Rome') was signed on 25 March 1957 and
came into force on 1 January 1958. The EEC is one of the three existing
European Communities, along with the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) (1951) and the European Atomic Energy Community
(EAEC, or 'Euratom') (1957).From November 1993 (the date of entry into force of the Treaty on
European Union (see below)), the EEC Treaty is referred to as the EC
Treaty, and the European Economic Community is called the European
Community. The letters 'EC' replace the letters 'EEC' in all acts adopted
after this date. This change of name reflects the enlargement of the scope
of the Treaty beyond mere economic questions.The European Community has fifteen Member States. The six founding countries were Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and
the Netherlands. Denmark, Ireland and the UK joined in 1973; Greece
in 1981; Spain and Portugal in 1986; and Austria, Finland and Sweden
in 1995.The EC Treaty provides for:
AND THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AREA
|1. ||the creation of a customs union, including a prohibition, as between
Member States, of quantitative restrictions and other measures having
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Film Copyright in the European Union.
Contributors: Pascal Kamina - Author.
Publisher: Cambridge University Press.
Place of publication: Cambridge, England.
Publication year: 2002.
Page number: 386.
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