Scientific Discoveries and Soviet Law: A Sociohistorical Analysis

By James M. Swanson | Go to book overview

Notes

Chapter 1. Introduction
1
Quantitative measurements of science can be traced back to the early decades of the nineteenth century. After World War II, governments of the Western industrial societies began to keep extensive "official" statistics on a number of variables such as funding, manpower, and training in science. Christopher Freeman's proposal, in 1969, for uniform collection of statistics at the international level ( UNESCO Statistical Reports and Studies, No. 15, Paris, 1969) reveals the high degree of methodological sophistication attained in this area which has been carried on in this country with the biennial publication of the Science Indicators series. Price book, Little Science, Big Science, however, captured the attention of scholars in the field of science studies and of the scientific community and clearly stimulated further explorations in the measurement of science.
2
Rudolf Fisch, "The Psychology of Science" in Ina Spiegel-Rosing and Derek de Solla Price , eds., Science, Technology, and Society; A Cross Disciplinary Perspective.
3
Laurence Tribe, "Legal Frameworks for the Assessment and Control of Technology", p. 243.
4
Paul T. Durbin, ed., A Guide to the Culture of Science, Technology, and Medicine, and Spiegel-Rosing and Price, Science, Technology, and Society.
5
Durbin, "Introduction", p. xxvi.
6
Tribe, "Legal Frameworks", p. 243.
7
See, for example, Laurence Cranberg, "Science, Ethics, and Law"; A. S. Miller, "Technology, Social Change and the Constitution"; H. Kalven and H. Zeisel, "Law, Science and Humanism".
8
Harry W. Jones, ed., Law and the Social Role of Science.
9
Vivien B. Shelanski and Marcel C. La Follette, eds., Law and Science; A Selected Bibliography.
10
Special mention should be made of the Harvard University Program on Technology and Society. For an overview of its activity, see Harvard University Program on Technology and Society, 1964-1972: A Final Review ( Cambridge, Mass., 1972).
11
Idea; The Journal of Law and Technology is published for the PTC ( Patent, Trademark and Copyright) Research Foundation of the Franklin Pierce Law Center in Concord, N.H.

-125-

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Scientific Discoveries and Soviet Law: A Sociohistorical Analysis
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Part I 1
  • Chapter 1 - Introduction 3
  • Chapter 2 - Western Foundations of Soviet Discovery Law 19
  • Chapter 3 - Development of the Legal System 34
  • Chapter 4 - The Statutes on Discoveries 46
  • Part II 63
  • Chapter 5 - Theoretical Issues in the Soviet System 65
  • Chapter 6 - The System in Practice 86
  • Chapter 7 - The International Dimension 100
  • Chapter 8 - Discoveries and the Normative Structure Of Soviet Science 107
  • Chapter 9 - Conclusion 119
  • Notes 125
  • Bibliography 141
  • Index 149
  • University of Florida Monographs *
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