People who develop depression—particularly those who develop non-melancholic depression—often have an ongoing negative view of themselves, even when they are not depressed. They distort their experiences through a negative filter and develop thinking patterns that are so entrenched they don't even notice the errors of judgment caused by thinking irrationally.
Depressed people tend to focus on their shortcomings and ignore their positive points. They may also read rejection and criticism into events that are, in fact, neutral. If things go wrong, they assume that it is their fault, and the future often seems packed with potential disasters for them and their families. Even pleasant things can be interpreted in negative ways, leading to feelings of distress. So, people who think in this way often end up feeling low, having talked themselves into this frame of mind.
To deal with this, many cognitive therapies have been developed that seek to correct such thinking patterns—and extend that thinking into new behavioural patterns. This chapter details the key underpinnings of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) and notes some other cognitive strategies.
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Publication information: Book title: Dealing with Depression: A Commonsense Guide to Mood Disorders. Edition: 2nd. Contributors: Gordon Parker - Author, David Straton - Author, Kay Wilhelm - Author, Philip Mitchell - Author, Marie-Paule Austin - Author, Kerrie Eyers - Author, Dusan Hadzi-Paviovic - Author, Gin Malhi - Author, Sue Grdovic - Author. Publisher: Allen & Unwin. Place of publication: Crows Nest, N.S.W.. Publication year: 2004. Page number: 107.
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