Women and Sex Roles: A Social Psychological Perspective

By Irene H. Frieze; Jacquelynne E. Parsons et al. | Go to book overview
Save to active project

6

Classic Theories
of Sex-Role Socialization

*There is very little evidence demonstrating unequivocal behavioral differences between females and males either in adults or in very young children. Thus we concluded in Chapter 4 that socialization is a major factor in sex-role acquisition. In Chapter 5 we demonstrated that gender identity rather than biological sex determines many components of the sex role one learns. Specifically, in a series of recent studies it was found that children whose gender identity differed from their genetic sex acquired sex-role behaviors and attitudes that agreed with their gender identity rather than their genetic sex (Money and Ehrhardt, 1972). In addition, the evidence regarding early behavioral sex differences and cross-cultural behavioral consistencies suggests that of all the behaviors commonly stereotyped as masculine or feminine, only aggression and performance on tasks requiring spatial skills reveal sex differences with any regularity. And even with aggression as the dependent measure, studies do not always find significant sex differences. Based on this review, we concluded, with the possible exceptions of aggression and spatial skills, that there was little, if any, evidence suggesting biological or inborn personality or response differences between sexes.

Instead, the bulk of studies revealing consistent sex differences have focused on sex-role—related behavior such as children's preference for dolls as opposed to toy trucks, rather than response style differences, such as assertive

____________________
*
Jacquelynne Parsons was the primary author of this chapter; she was assisted by Julie Croke.

-95-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Women and Sex Roles: A Social Psychological Perspective
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 444

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?