The Papers of Ulysses S. Grant: April-September 1861 - Vol. 2

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mand. The regt. had been mustered into state service for one month on May 15; one month later it was not yet ready for U. S. service. 2nd Asst. AG John S. Loomis remustered half the regt. into state service on June 17, the day USG took command. Chicago Tribune, June 18, 1861. In Memoirs, I, 244-46, USG discusses speeches made to his regt. by Ill. Democratic Congressmen John A. McClernand and John A. Logan which inspired his men to enter U. S. service. Logan made his speech on June 19. Illinois State Journal, June 20, 1861. Cf. Garland, pp. 171-72. The date indicates that the occasion was remuster into state service.

In a biographical sketch of USG, Isaac N. Morris wrote "that upon being tendered the command of a regiment... he declined to accept it until the regiment had made him their choice by a unanimous vote." National Intelligencer ( Washing- ton, D. C.), March 21, 1864. Since remuster into state service coincided with the appointment of USG, a vote on the new col. may have been implicit in the decision to accept remuster; otherwise the statement is not correct. "There was some dissatisfaction in the regiment at the time of the appointment of Col. Grant. Although he was admitted to be both an able and efficient commander, the mem- bers of the regiment deemed that they were yet American citizens, and entitled to that most sacred of rights, the privilege of choosing their own rulers, by the rightful test of the ballot." Letter of "Orion," Aug. 1, 1861, in Missouri Democrat, Aug. 3, 1861.

3.
See letter of June 26, 1861, note 6.
4.
The Illinois State Register, April 26, 1861, announced the start of a line of omnibuses between downtown Springfield and Camp Yates. This or a rented horse would have been the "conveyance" available.
5.
See note 1.
6.
Wednesday, July 3.
7.
Susan M. Felt, eight-year-old daughter of Lewis S. Felt. See letter of June 1, 1861, note 5.
8.
In a letter to his wife, June 26, 1861, 1st Lt. Philip Welshimer of USG's regt. wrote, "I think it is the water here that effects me and quite a number of others as it is limestone ..." USGA Newsletter, IV, 1 (Oct., 1966), 3. The Chicago Tribune, June 27, 1861, attributed the bad water to the proximity of a coal seam.

Orders No. 16

Head Quarters, Camp Yates, July [June] 28, 1861.

ORDERS No. 16

Company Commanders will have their Companies paraded for muster, at 2 ½ o.clock PM to day. The Regt. will be

formed on the Regt. Parade ground, as for evening parade.

-54-

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