This letter has not been found.
On July 30, 1861, President Abraham Lincoln requested Secretary of War
Simon Cameron to send him a nomination as brig. gen. for USG. Lincoln, Works,
VIII, 593. Cameron replied on July 31, and Lincoln wrote his letter of transmittal
the same day. The nomination was received by the Senate on Aug. 1 and referred
to the Committee on Military Affairs, reported back on Aug. 3, and confirmed on
Aug. 5. Senate Executive Journal, XI, 497, 505, 533, 554. The news that USG had
been recommended for brig. gen. by the Ill. congressional delegation appeared in
the Illinois State Journal and Illinois State Register on July 31, 1861. Word had
reached the 21st Ill. at Mexico, Mo., by Aug. 1. Letter of "Orion," Aug. 1, 1861,
in Missouri Democrat, Aug. 3, 1861. Chaplain James L. Crane later recalled that
he had read of the likely promotion in the Missouri Democrat and called it to USG's
attention. "Grant as a Colonel," McClure's Magazine, VII, 1 (June, 1896), 43.
USG said he learned of his promotion through a St. Louis newspaper. Memoirs, I,
USG believed that Lincoln had requested Ill. congressmen to recommend
suitable persons for brig. gen. Ibid. USG probably based his belief on a statement
made at the end of the Civil War by John A. Logan. Chicago Times, May 12,1865.
There is no reliable evidence that Lincoln asked the congressmen of Ill. or any
other state to recommend candidates for brig. gen., or even that he considered the
appointments a matter for equitable distribution among the states. On the other
hand, the Ill. congressmen met once to divide patronage, and then met again to
select brig. gens. John Y. Simon, "From Galena to Appomattox: Grant and
Washburne," Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, LVIII, 2 (Summer,
1965), 171. Foremost among USG's friends in urging promotion was Republican
Elihu B. Washburne. USG knew Democratic Congressman Philip B. Fouke from
the days when he lived in St. Louis, and had met Democrats John A. Logan and
John A. McClernand when they spoke to his men at Camp Yates. Memoirs, I,
238-39, 244-46. Where USG had met Republican Senator Lyman Trumbull is
not known, but USG had mustered in the 8th Congressional District Regt. on
May 11 at Belleville, Ill., Trumbull's hometown. Republican Senator Orville H.
Browning had also favored the promotion of USG. Theodore Calvin Pease and
James G. Randall, eds., The Diary of Orville Hickman Browning (Springfield,
1925), I, 487-88, 490.
See letter of May 24, 1861.