Sly and Able: A Political Biography of James F. Byrnes

By David Robertson | Go to book overview

18

Iranian Winter
and a
Cold Warrior

Jimmy Byrnes had kept his eye on the oil fields of Iran as a critical area of postwar interest to the U. S. State Department and the U. S. military since the summer of 1943, when he was named the director of the Office of War Mobilization. Barely fifteen days into his new OWM position, Byrnes had hosted a meeting at his East Wing offices at the White House on June 12, 1943, with representatives from the Departments of State, War, Navy, and the Interior. Their subject was the alarming rate at which the U. S. domestic oil reserves were being consumed by this country's military needs and its lend-lease shipments of domestic oil to the Allies. The oil reserves of the United States would be seriously depleted by the end of the war unless a greater use was made of the Middle Eastern oil fields then under control of the British and Soviet governments, they agreed; in particular, "vigorous negotiations" should begin, as Byrnes later phrased it in his memorandum reporting to Roosevelt on this OWM meeting, "for acquisition by the United States government of a third interest in the Iranian oil fields owned by the Anglo-Iranian Company."

In making this recommendation, Byrnes was greatly influenced by Fred Searls, Jr., a geologist who advised various wartime agencies and whose

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Sly and Able: A Political Biography of James F. Byrnes
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Sly and Able - A Political Biography of James F. Byrnes *
  • Contents *
  • Preface *
  • Introduction - Jimmy, You'Re Close to Me Personally. *
  • Part One - Political Fathers: Learning the Craft 1882-1930 *
  • 1 - Can Anything Good Come Out of Charleston? *
  • 2 - Pitchfork Ben Tillman *
  • 3 - Dear Mr. Baruch *
  • Part Two - The Inheritance: the Senate and Beyond 1931-1941 *
  • 4 - Fixer from the Palmetto State *
  • 5 - The General Textile Strike of 1934 *
  • 6 - The Philadelphia Story *
  • 7 - A Vast Empire Nearby *
  • 8 - They Were Utterly Deceived *
  • 9 - Jumping the Traces *
  • 10 - The Purge of 1938 *
  • 11 - Justice Byrnes and the Coming of War *
  • Part Three - Leaving His Father's House 1942-1972 *
  • 12 - The Assistant President *
  • 13 - The Convention of 1944 *
  • 14 - Roosevelt's Last Gift *
  • 15 - Politics and the Bomb *
  • 16 - The Street to Hiroshima *
  • 17 - Rocking the Boat with Truman *
  • 18 - Iranian Winter and a Cold Warrior *
  • 19 - A Disquisition on Government *
  • 20 - South Carolina Coda *
  • Bibliography *
  • Notes *
  • Acknowledgments *
  • Index *
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