The Political Economy of International Trade Law: Essays in Honor of Robert E. Hudec

By Daniel L. M. Kennedy; James D. Southwick | Go to book overview
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3
WTO decision-making: Is it reformable?
FRIEDL WEISS

The task confronting …all who seek to set up a constitution of a particular kind, is not only, or even mainly, to set it up, but rather to keep it going.

Aristotle1


I
Preliminary remarks

The riotous fiascos in Seattle, in London and Berlin on May Day and, more recently, in Nice at the summit of the European Union have at least one thing in common: some measure of popular disaffection with the workings of intergovernmental constitutions. It therefore seems appropriate and timely to raise certain issues of World Trade Organisation (WTO) institutional reform again. After all, such debates, both in governmental and academic circles, have all along accompanied the birth and lifetime of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)2 and, of course, featured prominently immediately prior to, during and after the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations (UR).3 Furthermore,

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1
Aristotle, The Politics, VI.5 (T. A. Sinclair trans.), cited in Philip Allott, The Crisis of European Constitutionalism: Reflections on the Revolution in Europe, 34 Common Mkt. L. Rev. 439, 439–490 (1997).
2
See Philip Cortney, The Economic Munich:The I. T. O. Charter, Inflation of Liberty, The 1929 Lesson (Philosophical Library, 1949); L. P. Imhoff, GATT (1952); Guenther Jaenicke, Das Allgemeine Zoll- und Handelsabkommen, Rechtsgrundlagen und Rechtsprobleme, 7 Archiv des Völkerrechts 371–420 (1957/1958); Charles H. Alexandrowicz, World Economic Agencies:Law and Practice (1962); Kenneth Dam, The GATT: Law and International Economic Organization (1970); Gerard Curzon, Multilateral Commercial Diplomacy– The GATT and Its Impact on National Commercial Policies and Techniques (1965); Thiebaut Flory, Le GATT: Droit international et commerce mondial (1968); Peter Bratschi, Allegemeines Zoll- und Handelsabkommen, GATT (Zurich 1973); Robert E. Hudec, The GATT Legal System and World Trade Diplomacy (1975); John H. Jackson, World Trade and the Law of GATT (1969); John H. Jackson, Legal Problems of International Economic Relations (1977); Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann, International Governmental Trade Organizations–GATT and UNCTAD, 17 International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law, atch. 25 I (1979).
3
Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann, The WTO Constitution and the Millennium Round, in New Directions in International Economic Law, Essays in Honour of John H. Jackson 111–133 (Kluwer, Marco Bronckers & Reinhard Quick eds., 2000); Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann, How to Constitutionalize International Law and Foreign Policy for the Benefit of Civil Society, 20 Michigan J. Int'l L. 1–30 (1998); John H. Jackson, Reflections on Restructuring the GATT, in Completing the Uruguay Round:AResultsOriented Approach to the GATT Trade Negotiations 205–224 (Institute for International Economics, Jeffrey J. Schott ed., 1990); John H. Jackson, Restructuring the GATT System (1990); Victoria Curzon Price, New Institutional Developments in GATT, 1 Minnesota J. Global Trade 87 (1992); Thiebaut Flory, L'n mondiale du commerce (Bruylant, 1999); Asif H. Qureshi, The World Trade Organization:Implementing International Trade Norms (Manchester University Press, 1996); Richard Senti &Patricia Conlan, WTO– Regulation of World Trade After the Uruguay Round (Schulthess Polygraphischer Verlag, 1998); Thomas J. Dillon, Jr., The World Trade Organization: A New Legal Order For World Trade?, 16 Michigan J. Int'l L. 349–402 (1995).

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