The English became aware of balloon flight with the first cross-channel
flight on 7 january 1785; Maurice Quinlan, 'Balloons and the Awareness
of a New Age', Studies in Burke and his Times, 14.3 (1973), pp. 221–38.
Charles Dickens, Hard Times (London, 1854; Oxford, 1955), p. 66 and
In the 1720s and 1730s Fielding, following Gay, had ridiculed Italian
opera as the progeny of Queen Nonsense, but by 1760 to prefer either
Italian or English opera was a matter of personal taste not ideological
conflict; see Eric Walter White, History of English Opéra (London, 1983),
E. P. Thompson, Customs and Practices (London, 1991) and The Making of
the English Working Class (Harmondsworth, 1968 edn).
J. Steven Watson, The Reign of George (Cambridge, 1960), p. 327.
See Edward Said, Orientalism (Harmondsworth, 1955 edn).
Emmet Kennedy, Marie-Laurence Netter, James P. McGregor and
Mark V. Olsen, Théâtre, Opéra, and Audiences in Revolutionary Paris (Westport, Conn., 1996), chapter 1, 'History of the Problem'. A similar
conclusion is reached by Michele Root-Bernstein, Boulevard Theater and
Revolution in Eighteenth-Century Paris (Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1984), p. 240.
Kennedy et ai, Théâtre, Opéra, and Audiences, p. 27.
Charles Bell, The Anatomy and Philosophy of Expression (London, 1806).
Henry Siddons, Practical Illustrations of Rhetorical Gesture and Action, from
J. J. Engel (London, 1807: reprint New York, 1969).
Marc Baer, Théâtre and Disorder in Late Georgian London (Oxford, 1992).
Catherine Gallagher, 'Marxism and New Historicism', The Mew Historicism, ed. H. Aram Veeser (London, 1989), pp. 37–48.
Stephen Greenblatt, 'Resonance and Wonder', Literary Theory Today, ed.
P. Collier and H. Geyer-Ryan (Cambridge, 1990), pp. 74–9.
Raymond Williams, 'Dominant, Residual, and Emergent', Marxism and
Literature (Oxford, 1977), pp. 121–7.
Joseph Roach, The Player's Passion: Studies in the Science of Acting (Newark,
Del., 1985); Bruce McConachie, Melodramatic Formulations: American
Théâtre and Society, 1820–1870 (Iowa, 1992). For their respective theoretical