The New Biological Weapons: Threat, Proliferation, and Control

By Malcolm Dando | Go to book overview

8
Targets

In late July 1999 the Washington Post carried an article with the title “Preparing for a Grave New World” that reported: “In the past year, dozens of threats to use chemical or biological weapons in the United States have turned out to be hoaxes. Someday one will be real(emphasis added) (1). The article asked what that day would look like and gave an alarming account that included the following prediction: “The march of the contagion would accelerate astoundingly, with doctors offering little relief. Hospitals would become warehouses for the dead and the dying. A plague more monstrous than anything we have experienced could spread” (1). The author of the article was particularly concerned about the possibility that some foreign military arsenals might still contain stocks of smallpox virus, a virus that had so devastated human populations in earlier times. It was difficult to ignore the warnings given in this article because the author was William S. Cohen, the U. S. secretary of defense. Furthermore, similar warnings had been given by Defense Department officials to Congress earlier in the year (2).

It is salutary to remember, in this context, how far a country of modest technological capability like Iraq had been able to develop its chemical and biological arsenal prior to 1991. According to a 1998 U. S. Congressional Research Service issue brief, “[t]he Iraqi chemical arsenal has included nerve agents (Sarin and VX), blister agents ('mustard gas') and psychoactive agents (so-called Agent 15). Biological/toxin warfare agents produced by Iraq include anthrax, botulinum, aflatoxins, ebola virus, bubonic and pneumonic plague, ricin and Clostridium perfringens(3). Indeed, 19,000 liters of botulinum toxin were produced, and some of this material was weaponized in 100 botulinum bombs and sixteen missile warheads. According to the report, Iraq also manufactured seven aflatoxin bombs. Aflatoxin toxin is a product of fungi that occur naturally on moldy grain. Why Iraq should have manufactured such a toxin and weaponized it

-117-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The New Biological Weapons: Threat, Proliferation, and Control
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 181

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.