The Law of Internal Armed Conflict

By Lindsay Moir | Go to book overview
Save to active project

3
Additional Protocol II of 1977

Common Article 3 stood alone in the sphere of internal armed conflict for twenty-five years, but, as demonstrated, it had become evident that some amendment or clarification of the rules governing internal conflicts was necessary, since:

When put to the test… the rules of protection in [common] Article 3 had been shown to require elaboration and completion. Government and Red Cross experts consulted by the ICRC since 1971 had confirmed the urgent need to strengthen the protection of victims of non-international armed conflicts by developing international humanitarian law applicable in such situations.1

The decision was therefore made to improve the law, and following several conferences of Governmental Experts and ICRC representatives, two Additional Protocols were drafted and placed before the Diplomatic Conference on the Reaffirmation and Development of International Humanitarian Law Applicable in Armed Conflicts, held in Geneva from 1974 to 1977.2

Although this book is concerned with internal conflict, and so with Protocol II (the 1977 Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and Relating to the Protection of Victims of Noninternational Armed Conflicts3), Additional Protocol I is still of relevance. The first session of the Diplomatic Conference achieved the inclusion in Protocol I of Article 1(4), which extends the provisions of the instrument beyond international armed conflicts, to include 'armed conflicts

____________________
1
Mrs Bujard (ICRC) in Official Records of the Diplomatic Conference on the Reaffirmation and Development of International Humanitarian Law Applicable in Armed Conflicts, Geneva (1974–1977) (Berne, 1978) CDDH/I/SR.22; VIII, 201 at 201 (hereinafter citations from this work are by the document reference therein).
2
For the text of the Draft Protocols see Official Records, vol. I, part 3.
3
UN Doc. A/32/144 (1977); 16 ILM 1391 (1977).

-89-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Law of Internal Armed Conflict
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 307

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?