Turbulent Decade: A History of the Cultural Revolution

By Yan Jiaqi; Gao Gao et al. | Go to book overview
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Chapter 16

Lin Biao's Rein on the
Armed Forces

As LIN BIAO'S position moved upward, his desire for authority also burgeoned. His toadies and henchmen multiplied in number and raised their own positions. During the Cultural Revolution Lin made clever use of Jiang Qing and, while expanding the military's influence, became bolder in forming his cabals. Huang Yongsheng, Wu Faxian, Li Zuopeng, Qiu Huizuo, Jiang Tengjiao, and even his own wife and son became the mainstays of his claque and cabal.

Sharing Military Power with Lin Biao: Huang Yongsheng,
Wu Faxian, Li Zuopeng, and Qiu Huizuo

During land reform, Lin Biao was regimental commander of the Chinese Worker-Peasant Red Army's First Regiment; Huang Yongsheng was also at one time its commander as well as commander of the Second Division; and Wu Fa-xian was general branch secretary of the Second Division, Second Regiment as well as regimental political commissar. These three and Li Zuopeng and Qiu Huizuo all participated in the Long March. 1 After the Marco Polo Bridge Incident of July 7, 1937, Japan unleashed furious aggression in North China. To form a national united front against Japan, the Chinese Worker-Peasant Red Army was reorganized into the National Revolutionary Eighth Route Army, with the Red Army's First Regiment becoming the 115th Division of the Eighth Route Army. Lin Biao was division commander; Huang Yongsheng was regimental commander of its 685th Regiment of the 343th Brigade; Wu Faxian was deputy director of the Political Office of the 684th Regiment, 343th Brigade, and political commissar of the 685th Regiment; Li Zuopeng was section chief for reconnaissance and battle action. At the time of the War of Liberation, Lin Biao was commander in chief of the Northeast Democratic United Army, commander of the Northeast Military Region and


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