There is a large literature on the nature of security from the perspective of African regimes, all of which are more concerned to preserve their own power than provide policing as a service. See, for example, Joel Migdal, Strong Societies and Weak States: State-Society Relations and State Capabilities in the Third World (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1988); Mohammed Ayoob, The Third World Security Predicament (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1995).
Preliminary work in articles such as Joab M. N. Wasikhongo, “The Role and Character of Police in Africa and Western Countries: A Comparative Approach to Police Isolation, ” International Journal of Criminology and Penology 4 (1976), 382–396; and Godpower O. Okereke, “Police Powers and Law Enforcement Tactics: The Case of Nigeria, ” Police Studies 15: 3 (Fall 1992), 110–117, remains undeveloped.
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Publication information: Book title: Policing Africa: Internal Security and the Limits of Liberalization. Contributors: Alice Hills - Author. Publisher: Lynne Rienner. Place of publication: Boulder, CO. Publication year: 2000. Page number: 21.
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