See Philo-patriae, Further Considerations on the Act to Permit Persons
Professing the Jewish Religion to be Naturalized by Parliament (1753),
51. For the difficulties encountered by Jews who wanted to take a part
in the Russian trade see The Case of Mr Anthony da Costa with the
Meyer Michael-David to David Prager, 12 Nissan 5533 - 5 Apr. 1773,
P. R. O. C111/3.
The Works of the Right Honourable Joseph Addison, with notes by
Richard Hurd (1854-6), IV, 13-14.
See L. D. Barnett (ed.) Bevis Marks Records, II (1949).
See his petition of March 1728 in P. R. O. SP/Portugal 100/39.
See C. Roth, A History of the Marranos (Philadelphia, 1932), 275,
283-4. On the settlement of Spanish and Portuguese Jews in Latin
America and their commercial activity there, see M. Kayserling: Christoph Columbus und der Antheil der Juden an den spanischen und
portugiesischen Entdeckungen (Berlin, 1894), 114; C. H. Haring, Trade and Navigation between Spain and the Indies in the Time of
the Hapsburgs (Cambridge, Mass., 1918), 105. Of special interest is
A. Bab's book, Die juden in Amerika spanischer Zunge, the first three
chapters of which were published in Jahrbücher für jüdische
Geschichte und Literatur, 1925-7. See also C. B. Liebman, 'The Jews
of colonial Mexico', HAHR, XLIII (1963), 95-108. D. G. Smith has
recently questioned the accepted view that Portugal's foreign trade in
the seventeenth century was almost entirely in the hands of 'New
Christians'. However, the subject still awaits systematic investigation.
See D. G. Smith, 'Old Christian merchants and the foundation of the
Brazil Company, 1649', HAHR, LIV (1974), 233-59.
See A. Wiznitzer, 'The Jews in the sugar industry of colonial Brazil', Jewish Social Studies, xvm (1956), 189. See also P. R. O. C12/1002.4
for details of the activities of Moses Marcus Monforte and his London
agent, Daniel de Flores.
V. M. Shillington and A. B. W. Chapman, The Commercial Relations
of England and Portugal (1907), 227-8 and 248.
On the ascendency of the English in Portugal's trade and the impor-
tance of the Methuen Treaty see SP/Portugal 89/64, Report on Trade
with Portugal, 1767; Shillington and Chapman, op. cit., 224-5, 241,
248; A. Christelow, 'Great Britain and the trades from Cadiz and