RENEWING OUR COMMITMENT
Gary Orfield has been among the most exacting critics of the nation's failure to fulfill the hopes of the plaintiffs in Brown. He says, “The Brown decision undermined the legitimacy of Jim Crow and stimulated hope and protest, but mandated almost no change.” Orfield has indicated that desegregation has proceeded at a snail's pace and the moderate changes that have come about were the result of the civil rights movement, buoyed by Brown's symbolic importance.
Orfield also criticizes the quality education movement's notion of “desegregating the money” and the Bush administration's emphasis on faulting teachers and students for educational failure while tinkering with vouchers. Orfield calls for a new Brown v. Board of Education, the meaning of which is fleshed out in his article.