Interpersonal Communication Research: Advances through Meta-Analysis

By Mike Allen; Raymond W. Preiss et al. | Go to book overview

18
A Meta-Analytlc
Interpretation of Intimate
and Nonintlmate
Interpersonal Conflict
Barbara Mae Gayle, Raymond W. Preiss, and Mike Allen

Over the last 20 years, researchers have examined gender- and sex-based differences in the selection of conflict management strategies. Yet the conditions under which women and men differ or are similar in their selection of conflict management strategies in interpersonal relationships have not been clearly delineated. The underlying stereotypical assumptions of this literature are that men use more competitive-type strategies in nonintimate interpersonal relationships and more withdrawal strategies in intimate interpersonal relationships. Similarly, the stereotypical beliefs are that women use more compromising strategies in nonintimate interpersonal relationships and more demanding strategies in intimate interpersonal relationships.

However, results do not provide consistent support for gender- or sex-based stereotypes. Some studies identify gender or sex as a salient issue in interpersonal conflicts regardless of whether the relationships are intimate or nonintimate. Even then, however, researchers do not agree on the patterns of, or situations involving, gender or sex differences in the preference for particular conflict management strategies. Other researchers sug

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